Acne Causes and Treatments:
There are can be many causes of acne; for example any allergic reaction, pubescent hormonal changes, poor digestion and stress. People of all ages can experience acne in their life time. Typically the main causes of acne are;
- Dead skin cells
- Sebum accumulation
- Clogged pores
Acne usually can be seen on your face, neck, chest, back and shoulders. Sebaceous glands or the oil producing glands mostly reside in these areas. When hair follicle gets clogged with dead skin or sebum then acne forms. Our hair follicles are attached with the oil glands. These sebaceous glands are there to lubricate your hair and skin. Due to excessive oil and dead skin a plug forms on the hair follicles making a suitable environment for the bacteria to grow in there. This further leads to making of white heads and black heads.
Acne is one of the most common skin problems for which people seek the advice of a dermatologist. If you suffer from a very acute type of acne then you should seek a dermatologist’s help. If your acne is not responding to self-care and over-the-counter treatments, make an appointment with your doctor. Early, effective treatment of acne reduces the risk of scarring and of lasting damage to your personality.
How to Get Rid Of Acne:
Once you found out the cause of your acne problem you should be able to make a personalized plan which includes your diet, lifestyle, and natural home remedies that will restore your skin’s healthy glow.
You are what your eat. Therefore diet plays a very vital role in dealing with acne. So you should avoid oily, greasy and fried foods. You can have them occasionally but these should not be a daily part of your diet. Sugary drinks and foods also contribute to acne production. Similarly very salty foods and foods that are overly processed also cause acne. Your diet should include all the essential nutritional elements.
Fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lots of water lead to healthy clear skin. You should have a balanced diet. That consists of all the vitamins, minerals, proteins and essential good fats.
Acne is not a contagious disease so avoid scrubbing your face too much. Wash your face gently. Keep your towels and drying clothes separately. Too much scrubbing can aggravate your acne. Over-the-counter treatment containing benzoyl peroxide (eg PanOxyl) may help. These treatments are antibacterial and so reduce the amount of Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) bacteria on your skin. You can buy these treatments from pharmacies and larger supermarkets. There’s not much proof that other types of over-the-counter acne treatments are helpful.
There are many over the counter creams and lotions available for acne treatment. Like Benzoyl peroxide creams or gels. Azelaic acid. This is an antibacterial medicine usually used as an alternative to benzoyl peroxide. It’s less likely to make your skin as red, or peel as much. Antibiotic lotions or gels, such as clindamycin or erythromycin. These can help to reduce inflammation (swelling) by controlling the levels of natural P. acnes bacteria on your skin. Topical retinoids such as tretinoin and isotretinoin. It may take some time before the effects of these medicines are noticeable. Retinoids can be slightly irritating to your skin, but this should settle over time. Oral antibiotics are also prescribed by your doctor when there is severe acne problem.